Equipment and Instruments · Home Recording Studio

Home Studio (1): The Basics

DAW, Interface, Microphones, and Monitors.

Interested in making a home recording studio? Here’s how I got started.

Harry really thought I should get into recording. So one day, he surprised me with everything I needed. He bought all this stuff off Craigslist, and I don’t think he spent more than $200 for everything. I’m not a recording expert, and this post is intended for people who know next to nothing about home recording studios, so I will explain in the simplest terms.


He downloaded a software (“DAW”) called Reaper. A DAW, or digital audio workstation, is a program you use to create music. Reaper is free for a month and then I think you pay $60 to use it forever. There are other, more powerful programs like Logic Pro (what I currently use), Protools, Ableton, and more, but Reaper makes a great starting point for a beginner.

He bought an interface (made by Tascam), which is a device that you plug a nice condenser microphone into. You could also buy a mixer with a USB output. The interface provides power to the microphone and it connects to the computer’s USB port so you can record sounds. It also connects to your monitors (speakers) so you can hear playback from your computer. The one Harry bought me was something like this, but there are plenty of cheap (less than $100) options to get started with:×08-USB-Audio-Interface/dp/B00MIXF200/ref=sr_1_1?s=musical-instruments&ie=UTF8&qid=1484943042&sr=1-1&keywords=tascam+interface

He bought an MXL 990 condenser microphone. These particular mics can be found everywhere – in store, Craigslist, pawn shops – for between $50 to $100. Condenser mics typically provide great bang-for-your-buck when it comes to quality home recording, and if you’re just starting out or playing around, MXL 990 is the way to go. Condenser microphones require an XLR cable (with 3 pins), as well as “phantom power” (48V). Most interfaces have a phantom power button that you have to switch “on” in order to use the mic. Here is a link to the microphone:

Later on, we went to Guitar Center and bought these studio monitors for listening. They’re a really great value:


And that’s basically all you need to get started. At first, all I did was dabble with the stuff in my spare time. I watched some youtube videos on how to use the software. I recorded my voice and my guitar. The best way to get into a hobby is to have as much fun as possible, so that’s what I did. I covered songs and wrote some of my own. I experimented with mic placements, effects, settings. The recordings were messy. My tempo was sloppy, the vocal quality was hazy, many parts were too loud or too soft. I didn’t know how to fix any problems yet, but everybody starts somewhere, and we are very fortunate to have the internet as a guide.

One more thing – don’t just take my word for it on all this stuff. See what sells the best, what’s available for cheap on Craigslist. Read about what other people like to use. Google or Youtube how to get started, and you’ll be on your way in no time.


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